The Ultimate BLS Cheatsheet

Posted by Adam Rapp | BLS Cheatsheet

Sep 16, 2019

This cheetsheet covers the most important concepts that you need to know in order to complete your Basic Life Support (BLS) exam.


GENERAL CONCEPTS

  

Main Components of CPR (C – A – B)

- Compressions

- Airway

- Breathing

High-Quality CPR:

- Start compressions within 10 seconds of recognition of cardiac arrest

- Chest compression rate of 100 – 120 per minute

- Compression depth of 2 – 2.4 in. (5-6 cm.) for adults and children

- Compression depth of 1.5 in. (4 cm.) for infants

- Minimize interruptions in compressions

- Do not over-ventilate the victim

- Breathing rate is every 5 – 6 seconds (10 – 12 breaths per minute)

- Allow complete chest recoil after each compression

- Do not lean on chest wall between compressions

  

Adult Chain of Survival – IHCA (In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest)

Adult Chain of Survival - Adult Chain of Survival – IHCA (In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest) | eMedCert

  

Adult Chain of Survival – OHCA (Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest)

  

Pediatric Chain of Survival

Pediatric Chain of Survival | eMedCert


BLS FOR ADULTS

  

One-Rescuer BLS Steps for Adults

One-Rescuer BLS Steps for Adults | eMedCert

Two-Rescuer BLS Steps for Adults

Two-Rescuer BLS Steps for Adults | eMedCert

Steps for Performing CPR for Adults

Steps for Performing CPR for Adults | eMedCert


BLS / CPR FOR CHILDREN

  

One-Rescuer BLS Steps for Children

One-Rescuer BLS Steps for Children | eMedCert

Two-Rescuer BLS Steps for Children

Two-Rescuer BLS Steps for Children | eMedCert

Steps for Performing CPR for Children

Steps for Performing CPR for Children | eMedCert


BLS / CPR FOR INFANTS

  

One-Rescuer BLS Steps for Infants

One-Rescuer BLS Steps for Infants | eMedCert

Two-Rescuer BLS Steps for Infants

Two-Rescuer BLS Steps for Infants | eMedCert

Steps for Performing CPR for Infants

Steps for Performing CPR for Infants | eMedCert


BLS ALGORITHMS

  

Adult BLS Algorithm | eMedCert

  

Pediatric BLS Single-Rescuer Algorithm | eMedCert

  

Pediatric BLS Multiple-Rescuer Algorithm


AED USAGE

  

Steps for Using an AED

1.) Open AED case and turn the device ON

2.) Expose the victim’s chest

3.) Attach AED pads to victim’s chest

4.)  Do not touch the victim when AED is ANALYZING

5.) Before delivering SHOCK, make sure the victim’s chest is clear, no one is touching the victim, and the area around the victim is clear.

6.) Press the SHOCK button

7.) Resume CPR for 2 minutes

8.) Repeat cycle of: CPR – analyzing – shock if indicated – CPR

  

AED Usage Points of Emphasis

Do not place the pads over a pacemaker or an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

- Remove the victim from water and dry the chest before applying pads

- Excessive hair will impede pad contact. Quickly remove the pad and replace with a new set to ensure adequate contact with the chest wall

- Remove any medication patches from the chest

- Make sure the pads do not touch each other

- If the device malfunctions, do not troubleshoot. Return immediately to high-quality CPR  


CPR WITH AN ADVANCED AIRWAY

  

Airway Equipment Options

- Supraglottic Devices

- Laryngeal Mask Airway

- Combitube

- Endotracheal Tube


MOUTH-TO-MOUTH BREATHING

  

Steps For Adult and Child Mouth-to-Mouth

Steps For Adult and Child Mouth-to-Mouth | eMedCert

Steps For Infant Mouth-to-Mouth

Steps For Infant Mouth-to-Mouth | eMedCert


CHOKING RELIEF

  

Heimlich Maneuver Steps

1.) Stand behind the victim

2.) Wrap arms behind victim and place fist of one hand below victim’s rib cage just above bellybutton

3.) Grasp fist with the other hand

4.) Quickly pull inward and upward

5.) Continue until choking is relieved or victim becomes unconscious

  

Abdominal Thrust Steps

1.) Straddle knees on either side of the victim’s hips

2.) Place heel of one hand above the navel, but below breast bone

3.) Quickly press inward and upward

4.) Continue until obstruction is relieved or victim becomes unconscious

  

Back Blows and Chest Thrust Steps (for Infant Victims)

1.) Rest infant facedown on your forearm

2.) Support their head and face with your hand

3.) Deliver 5 back blows between the shoulder blades

4.) Turn the victim over and support the back of their head

5.) Use 2 fingers and deliver 5 chest thrusts over the sternum

6.) Repeat back blows, alternated with chest thrusts, until choking is relieved or the infant becomes unresponsive


COMMON ABBREVIATIONS TO KNOW

  

AED | Automated external defibrillator

AHA | American Heart Association

BLS | Basic life support

BP | Blood pressure

CAB | Circulation, airway, breathing

CPR | Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

EMS | Emergency medical services

ET | Endotracheal

ICU | Intensive care unit

IHCA | In-hospital cardiac arrest

IN | Intranasal

IM | Intramuscular

IO | Intraosseous

IV | Intravenous

LMA | Laryngeal Mask Airway

LV | Left ventricle

OHCA | Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

PAD | Public Access Defibrillation

PEA | Pulseless electrical activity

pVT | Pulseless ventricular tachycardia

ROSC | Return of spontaneous circulation

RV | Right ventricle

VF / V-Fib | Ventricular fibrillation

VT | Ventricular tachycardia


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